Lutein And Zeaxanthin: Food Sources, Benefits, And Side Effects

Lutein and zeaxanthin are two vital antioxidants present in varied vegatables and fruits. They’ve been discovered to struggle power diseases and promote human well being. On this submit, we’ll talk about these two energy compounds in larger element.

What Are Lutein And Zeaxanthin?

Lutein and zeaxanthin are two varieties of carotenoids. Carotenoids are compounds that give meals their attribute shade. They act as antioxidants and play an important function in a number of bodily features, together with selling eye and pores and skin well being (1), (2), (3).

Lutein and zeaxanthin are primarily discovered within the macula of the human eye. They’re the xanthophylls that play completely different roles within the organic programs – as vital structural molecules in cell membranes, as short-wavelength gentle filters, and as keepers of the redox stability.

Each these antioxidants have the same construction and supply a variety of well being advantages. Nevertheless, they’re hottest for his or her useful results on human eyes.

Which Meals Are Wealthy In Lutein And Zeaxanthin?

Beneath is an inventory of meals objects wealthy within the antioxidants.

Meals Quantity of Lutein & Zeaxanthin in 100 g
Kale (cooked) 19.7 mg
Winter Squash (cooked( 1.42 mg
Collards (cooked) 10.9 mg
Yellow candy corn (canned) 1.05 mg
Spinach (cooked) 11.31 mg
Swiss chard (cooked) 11.01 mg
Inexperienced Peas (cooked) 2.59 mg
Arugula (uncooked) 3.55 mg
Brussels Sprouts (cooked 1.29 mg
Broccoli rabe (cooked) 1.68 mg
Pumpkin (cooked) 1.01 mg
Egg Yolks contemporary (uncooked) 1.1 mg
Candy Potatoes leaves (cooked) 2.63 mg
Carrots (uncooked) 0.36 mg
Asparagus (cooked) 0.77 mg
Mustard greens (cooked) 5.96 mg
Beet greens (cooked) 1.82 mg
Dandelion greens (cooked) 3.40 mg
Backyard Cress (cooked) 8.40 mg
Turnip greens (cooked) 8.44 mg

Supply: USDA Nationwide Nutrient Database

What Are The Well being Advantages Of Lutein And Zeaxanthin?

1. Promote Eye Well being


A weight-reduction plan with quantity of lutein and zeaxanthin will increase the focus of macular pigments, stopping the onset of age-related macular degeneration.

Each these antioxidants are concentrated on the central fovea of the macula and kind the macular pigments. They’re recognized to guard the macular area from photo-oxidative harm. They obtain this by scavenging the reactive oxygen species and filtering blue gentle.

Lutein and zeaxanthin are additionally recognized to enhance macular pigment optical density, visible acuity (readability of imaginative and prescient), and distinction sensitivity (visible capacity to tell apart an object from its background) in sufferers with early AMD (4), (5). A rise within the consumption of those carotenoids could also be protecting in opposition to late AMD (6).

Research have proven that lutein and zeaxanthin may scale back the chance of cataract (7), (8). Cataract (clouding of the lens of the attention) is one other main imaginative and prescient dysfunction affecting the aged. Although cataracts largely happen attributable to age, additionally they are brought on by oxidative stress, diabetes, publicity to poisonous components/pollution, radiation, and as a facet impact of sure drugs (together with corticosteroids).

2. Profit The Pores and skin

Benefit The Skin


Lutein and zeaxanthin exhibit highly effective antioxidant properties, which assist promote pores and skin well being. Very like the eyes, our pores and skin additionally suffers harm attributable to oxidative stress, UV publicity, and blue gentle.

These could cause DNA harm and alter collagen turnover (a sort of protein liable for pores and skin construction and elasticity). This may end up in tanning as a result of overproduction of melanin and will even improve the chance of pores and skin most cancers (9).

The antioxidant properties of lutein and zeaxanthin additionally assist enhance the general pores and skin tone and texture (10), (11).

These are the 2 main advantages of lutein and zeaxanthin. Other than the numerous meals sources, one may also expertise the goodness of those antioxidants via dietary supplements.

A Word On Lutein And Zeaxanthin Dietary supplements

Supplementation for these twin carotenoids has been discovered to be as efficient as consuming them via weight-reduction plan. Nevertheless, getting them from pure sources, like inexperienced leafy greens, fruits, eggs, and others, is preferable.

However getting sufficient of those from weight-reduction plan alone might get troublesome, particularly if one is busy with their work commitments. If so, supplementation may help. It’s an efficient methodology to make sure sufficient consumption of those highly effective antioxidants.

The market is flooded with a number of dietary supplements. In case you are questioning how to decide on the appropriate one, the next components may help:

  1. The precise quantity of lutein and zeaxanthin in them
  2. Price
  3. Comparability with the formulations talked about within the two scientific research, AREDS and AREDS2 (AREDS stands for Age Associated Eye Illness Research) (12)

The most effective strategy, although, could be to ask your physician to prescribe the appropriate complement.

How A lot Of Lutein And Zeaxanthin Ought to You Take Every day?

At present, there is no such thing as a set Really helpful Every day Allowance (RDA) for lutein and zeaxanthin. Nevertheless, analysis has discovered that supplementing with 10 mg of lutein and a couple of mg of zeaxanthin could possibly be useful for total well being (together with that of the attention and pores and skin) (13).

What Are The Aspect Results Related With Lutein And Zeaxanthin?

There isn’t a concrete analysis right here. Some sources say that taking as much as 20 mg of lutein and zeaxanthin is secure. Make sure you examine along with your physician.

Research present that extra consumption of carotenoids might result in carotenoderma (a yellow-orange pores and skin discoloration). This situation will not be dangerous and normally subsides by decreasing the consumption of carotenoids (14).

There are not any recognized poisonous unwanted effects of taking an excessive amount of lutein and zeaxanthin, although. Nevertheless, there is no such thing as a proof obtainable to find out the protection of their supplementation in kids and pregnant and breastfeeding ladies. Therefore, please examine along with your physician.


Lutein and zeaxanthin assist stop age-related eye issues and will promote pores and skin well being. Most different advantages of those antioxidants are nonetheless being studied. Begin together with the meals wealthy in these compounds in your weight-reduction plan, and you’ll be welcoming a more healthy life.
Do you might have another questions? Be at liberty to share with us by leaving a remark within the field under.

Ceaselessly Requested Questions

Is 20 mg of lutein a day an excessive amount of?

Research have discovered that taking as much as 20 mg of lutein daily is secure. Nevertheless, as per research, an consumption of 10 mg of lutein and a couple of mg of zeaxanthin is sufficient for his or her eye and pores and skin advantages. Furthermore, consumption of 20 mg of lutein was not discovered to be more practical than 10 mg of lutein consumption (15).

Does cooking destroy lutein and zeaxanthin?

No, it doesn’t. Though the warmth decreases the carotenoid content material, it could improve the bioavailability of the carotenoids (15).

Which fruits are excessive in lutein?

Kiwi fruit, crimson seedless grapes, oranges, ripe mangoes, inexperienced grapes, yellow squash, crimson apples, dried apricots, ripe papaya, and many others. are good sources of lutein (16).

16 sources

Stylecraze has strict sourcing pointers and depends on peer-reviewed research, tutorial analysis establishments, and medical associations. We keep away from utilizing tertiary references. You’ll be able to study extra about how we guarantee our content material is correct and present by studying our editorial coverage.
  • The function of carotenoids in human well being, Diet in Medical Care, US Nationwide Library of Medication, Nationwide Institutes of Well being.
  • Carotenoid actions and their relation to well being and illness, Molecular Facets of Medication, US Nationwide Library of Medication, Nationwide Institutes of Well being.
  • β-Carotene and Different Carotenoids, Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids.
  • Lutein and Zeaxanthin Supplementation and Affiliation With Visible Perform in Age-Associated Macular Degeneration, Investigative Ophthalmology of Visible Science.
  • Dietary Sources of Lutein and Zeaxanthin Carotenoids and Their Function in Eye Well being, Vitamins, US Nationwide Library of Medication, Nationwide Institutes of Well being.
  • Lutein and zeaxanthin consumption and the chance of age-related macular degeneration: A scientific assessment and meta-analysis, ResearchGate.
  • Plasma lutein and zeaxanthin and the chance of age-related nuclear cataract among the many aged Finnish inhabitants, The British Journal of Diet, US Nationwide Library of Medication, Nationwide Institutes of Well being
  • Plasma lutein and zeaxanthin and different carotenoids as modifiable danger components for age-related maculopathy and cataract: the POLA Research, Investigative Ophthalmology & Visible Science, US Nationwide Library of Medication, Nationwide Institutes of Well being.
  • UV Radiation and the Pores and skin, Worldwide Journal of Molecular Sciences, US Nationwide Library of Medication, Nationwide Institutes of Well being.
  • General pores and skin tone and skin-lightening-improving results with oral supplementation of lutein and zeaxanthin isomers: a double-blind, placebo-controlled scientific trial, Medical, Beauty and Investigational Dermatology, US Nationwide Library of Medication, Nationwide Institutes of Well being.
  • Lutein and zeaxanthin in eye and pores and skin well being, Clinics in Dermatology, US Nationwide Library of Medication, Nationwide Institutes of Well being.
  • What the Age-Associated Eye Illness Research means for you, Nationwide Eye Institute.
  • Secondary Analyses of the Results of Lutein/Zeaxanthin on Age-Associated Macular Degeneration Development AREDS2 Report No.3, JAMA Ophthalmology, US Nationwide Library of Medication, Nationwide Institutes of Well being.
  • Carotenodermia in males with elevated carotenoid consumption from meals and beta-carotene dietary supplements, The American Journal of Medical Diet, US Nationwide Library of Medication, Nationwide Institutes of Well being.
  • Lutein and Zeaxanthin—Meals Sources, Bioavailability and Dietary Selection in Age-Associated Macular Degeneration Safety, Vitamins, US Nationwide Library of Medication, Nationwide Institutes of Well being.
  • Vegetables and fruit which might be sources for lutein and zeaxanthin: the macular pigment in human eyes, British Journal of Ophthalmology. material/82/8/907

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